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Naag Panchami in Nepal: A Revered Celebration of Serpentine Deities Professional

Nov 20th, 2023 at 04:55   Blogs   Kathmandu   24 views Reference: 1013

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Naag Panchami, a traditional Hindu festival observed in Nepal, holds a special place in the hearts of the Nepali people. Celebrated on the fifth day of the bright half of the lunar month of Shrawan (July-August), Naag Panchami is a day dedicated to the worship of Nagas, or serpent deities, highlighting the cultural and religious significance associated with these mystical beings.

Mythological Roots:

The roots of Naag Panchami can be traced back to Hindu mythology, where serpents hold a revered place. According to ancient stories, snakes are believed to be the descendants of the serpent king, Vasuki, who played a pivotal role in the churning of the ocean (Samudra Manthan) to obtain the elixir of immortality (amrita). Snakes are also associated with Lord Shiva, who is often depicted wearing them as ornaments. Naag Panchami is considered a day to honor these serpentine deities for their divine roles in Hindu mythology.

Rituals and Observances:

Naag Panchami is marked by various rituals and observances, beginning with devotees waking up early in the morning to take ritualistic baths. They then visit temples dedicated to Nagas, such as the Naga Pokhari in Kathmandu or the Nag Kund in Bhaktapur, to offer prayers and milk to the snake deities. Some people also create snake images out of clay and worship them in their homes.

An integral part of the rituals involves making offerings to live snakes. Devotees often visit places where snakes are believed to reside, such as anthills and termite mounds, to offer milk and other offerings. This act symbolizes the acknowledgment of the presence of Nagas in the natural world and seeks their blessings for protection and well-being.

Cultural Significance:

Naag Panchami is not only a religious festival but also a celebration of Nepal's rich cultural heritage. The festival transcends religious boundaries, as people from diverse backgrounds come together to participate in the festivities. The cultural significance lies in the unity and shared respect for the natural world and its mystical inhabitants.

Protective Role of Nagas:

In Nepali culture, Nagas are considered protectors of water sources, and their worship is believed to bring rainfall and fertility to the land. As Nepal is an agrarian society, these aspects of the festival are particularly important for farmers who depend on a good harvest. The festival serves as a reminder of the interconnectedness between nature, culture, and spirituality.

Community Bonding:

Naag Panchami is also a time for community bonding, as people come together to celebrate the festival. Community events, processions, and cultural programs contribute to a festive atmosphere, fostering a sense of unity and camaraderie. The shared reverence for Nagas becomes a unifying factor that transcends social and cultural differences.


Naag Panchami, with its roots in mythology and its cultural and religious significance, is a cherished festival in Nepal. As devotees come together to honor the serpent deities, they not only pay homage to ancient traditions but also strengthen their connection to nature and the spiritual dimensions of life. Naag Panchami serves as a beautiful reflection of Nepal's cultural diversity and the enduring importance of rituals that bind communities together in reverence for the mystical and sacred.

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Naag Panchami in Nepal: A Revered Celebration of Serpentine Deities
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