Bardiya district lies in the Bheri zone of the Mid-Western Development Region of Nepal. It’s occupied 2025 km2 area and lies in the west of Banke district, south of Surkhet district, east of Kailali district of Seti zone. To the south lies Uttar Pradesh, India. it’s 2 municipalities and twenty-five VDCs. It’s maximum altitude 1279 meters and Minimum Altitude 138 meters. Its climate consists of mainly lower tropical temperature and maximum temperature recorded here is 400Cand minimum temperature is recorded as 40C. Its average annual rainfall is 1900 millimeter.
Places to visit
Bardiya National Park: The Bardiya National Park is the largest and most undisturbed protected area within the Terai and is home to the vulnerable Royal Bengal tiger and Nepal’s renowned one-horned rhinoceros. The national park situated in the far western district of Bardiya is bordered by river Babai flows throughout the park. The numerous geographical factors besides the thick cover of Sal, savannah forests and grasslands render this region ideal as wild animal habitat. The park hosts fifty-three totally different mammals, more than four hundred species of birds, and several other varieties of reptiles and water animals. A number of the other animals found here are an elephant, swamp deer, black buck, Gharial crocodile and marsh mugger crocodile. The fresh-water Gangetic dolphin is also normally seen in river Karnali. Birds embrace endangered varieties of Bengal florican, lesser florican, Silver-eared Mesia, and saruscrane. The park offers the rare chance of fishing at river Karnali and river Babai.
Visit Tikapur: This engaging little town you’ll be able to visit the former summer palace of King Mahendra and its stunning ‘Tikapur Garden’. The natural and delightful surroundings of the garden were said to have had a positive impact on the king’s health, therefore, the place became known as ‘King Mahendra‘s retreat.’
Khairapur blackbuck Conservation Area: Said to be the northernmost surviving herd of blackbucks in the world, these vulnerable deer are protected around Gulariya, Bardia’s district headquarters since 2009. You’ll be able to see the massive population of those deer here. simply 9 blackbucks were 1st recorded during this area in 1975. To make sure the survival of this population, in 2009 the govt of Nepal declared an area of 172 hectares as the Krishnasar Conservation area. Since then, conservation efforts have helped the blackbuck population to extend to 293.
Crocodile Breeding Center and Tharu Museum: Both located in the park headquarters, you’ll be able to visit the tiny breeding center for Marsh mugger and also the unusual wanting Gharial crocodiles, and turtles. There is a little visitor center and also the Tharu museum with a motivating exhibition regarding the traditions and lifestyle of the local Tharu folks.
Elephant Breeding Center: The domestic elephants here are primarily used for patrolling within the park and also the Center is ideally visited in the late afternoon once the elephants come from grazing in the national park. The mothers and calves are often visited by free-ranging wild males. If this happens, take care to remain well aloof from the male!